What is Open Access?
Open Access refers to all sources, i.e. articles, books, and / or any type of work which the scholars made them publicly available on the internet for all users without any restrictions and expectation of paying any fees. Those sources are available for free to read, copy, download, print, share, and use them for any legal purposes and works.
Why Open Access?
The availability of the sources, works, information, on public internet will enrich the sciences, education, discovery and innovation. The wide use of the research results will improve those researches and initiates legal competition between the companies, research centers and any fund body to improve the public good and accelerate the pace of scientific discovery and build new ideas. In addition, the open access sources are more viewed and cited more than those with restricted access.
However, that information is not yet available for users and the need for a new framework which makes the research results available and easy to reach became more and more required. This framework is called “open access”.
Organization for economic cooperation and development widespread access to publicly funded research results is an essential, inseparable component of our nation’s investment in science.
Who Benefits from Open Access?
Researchers: Open access system increases ability of the authors to find the relevant literature and rise the impact and view of their works. In addition, it creates new opportunities for discovery in digital environment and speed up the pace of research and innovation.
Educational Institutions: Open access system helps to increase the knowledge and provides access to crucial STEM materials. It also initiates lawful competitions between the academic institutions. It improves the education quality and provides better-educated workforce. Open access will offer all the information that the students and researchers need rather than the limited knowledge which can be afford by their institutions.
Research Funders: The research funding will not be duplicated and saved if the open access is adopted and the results of the research are shared by millions of scientists, professionals, and individuals and this leads to more research investment. In addition, it builds great database for the outcomes of the funded research which deliver an accelerated return on the public’s investment in this research.
Businesses: The availability of the information will enhance the current services and products as well as leads to produce new ones which in turn creates new jobs.
Public: By providing free access of the information about the health, energy, environment, and other areas of broad interest will improve the education and knowledge of people which encourages them to support the scientific enterprise and participate in citizen science. Making the research findings available will support the innovations and discovery and increase the social return on public investment.