Effect of chemical and physical parameters of Almasab Alaam drainage on properties of marsh water in south of Iraq

Muthanna Journal of Engineering and Technology

Volume (2), Issue (1), Year (30 June 2013), Pages (25-37)


Research Article By:

Mohammed D. Selman, Kaissar I. Hamed and Hayder A. Lafta


This present study evaluated the restoration of marsh water which occurred by mixing Almasab Alaam Drainage with Euphrates river as resources for feeding water to marsh water in southern of Iraq. Four samples of restored southern marshes (S2: Kurmashia, S3: Sunaf Marsh, S4: Al- Hemidi region and S5: Hammar marsh ) were selected during the period from November 2010 to July 2011. The physical properties ( Electrical Conductivity (Ec), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) and pH were studied, it was found that all regions are polluted with high values of EC and TDS concentration affected by the mixing process and strongly deviated from Water Health Organisation (WHO) levels, while pH values indicated that marsh water with alkalinity range and within guide levels according to (WHO). Also chemical parameters ( cationic and ionic) were investigated in this study. It was found that Almasab Alaam drainage quality affected these parameters (Calcium, Magnesium, Sulphate, chloride and Potassium) and appeared in high concentrations exceeded the permitted levels according to WHO for the same studied period. Trace elements were presented for Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Manganese (Mn) and Chromium (Cr) and obtained a results with unpolluted area of these marshes water except for manganese and chromium during some months. Results showed that it is dangerous to continue with this mixing process and Al masab Alaam Drainage should be stopp to use as resource for restoration of marsh water in southern of Iraq.

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