Sodium nitrite as inhibitors for protection of rebar against corrosion

Muthanna Journal of Engineering and Technology

Volume (2), Issue (1), Year (30 June 2013), Pages (82-96)


Research Article By:

Ahmed Rajih Hassan, Ali Khalil Ismael and Firas Naif Hassan

Corresponding author E-mail:


Corrosion inhibitors studies were carried out on carbon steel rebar samples under different pH condition sand in the presence and absence of chloride ions in solution. A known amount of sodium nitrite was added as an inhibitor and the mechanism of inhibition was studied by tracking both the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of the system. The studies indicate that Inhibition efficiency decreases with increase of temperature, and there is a competition between the corrosion and passivation reactions, and the resulting open-circuit potential depends on the relative strength of the corroding and passivating environments. The corrosion rate depends to a great extent on the pH of the solution. Nitrite ions act as anodic inhibitors by increasing the rate of formation of a barrier oxide film. The protective action of the nitriteions seems to be more pronounced in highly corroding environment. This is due to the mechanism of inhibition, which uses the product of the unwanted corrosion reaction and converts it into a favorable passivating one. For a given amount of chloride, a minimum threshold concentration of nitrite is essential for protecting the steel.

Keywords: Corrosion inhibitors, corrosion of rebar, sodium nitride.

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