Euphrates river impact on the transformation of Samawah spatial organization

Muthanna Journal of Engineering and Technology

Volume (10), Issue (2), Year (30 December 2022), Pages (22-30)


Research Article By:

Zainab Razaq Mahdi and Firas Alrawi

Corresponding author E-mail:


The city represents a dynamic spatial organization formed by a group of inhabitants, elements and activities that are interrelated and interacted to form a special urban system. As a result of the accumulation of changes over time in urban land uses, some urban changes take place, which are reflected on changing its spatial organization and urban uses. Riverbank cities, like other cities, are spatially and interactively regulated by many effects. However, having a river as an integral part of the urban composition of the city, it has an impact on these uses and their organization over time. the research problem is exposed from this idea which is represented by the unclear functional relationship of the Euphrates River on the regulation of the land uses in the City of Samawah.  The study assumes that the river has an impact on the functional relationship affecting the regulation of land uses in the city of Samawah.  Using GIS, urban transformations of land use around the river in the city of Samawah have been monitored, using the multiple linear regression method, the functional relationship between the distance from the river as a subordinate variable and the land uses as independent variables is analyzed. Thus, to arrive at explanatory regression equations that reflect the effect of shifts in the organization of the spatial structure of the sample study area to achieve the research objectives. The study has concluded that the urban uses of the city of Samawah were inversely related with moving away from the river.

Keywords: River cities, multiple linear regression, spatial organization, land use, impact

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